10 Things You Must Do When Travelling Solo

Article from: Unsealed 4X4

A tragedy reminds us that sometimes the risks aren’t worth the rewards

Tackling remote tracks on your own is taking your life into your own hands. The recent unfortunate passing of solo adventurer Daniel Price in the Kimberley proves that no matter how prepared or experienced you are, things can happen that will end your life. As a solo traveller, I am aware of the risks I take. On hearing that Daniel was missing last week, I held out hope that he’d be found safe and well. I was rocked when I read that he’d been found dead on a remote track near Wyndham. I was rocked because I’d driven that same track solo only recently. You see, it can happen to anyone. No matter how much you think “she’ll be right mate”, sometimes it’s not.

I am a solo adventurer, have been for years. I prepare to the ninth degree and carry the provisions and tools to keep me alive if I get stuck. I’m confident in my abilities and that of my vehicle to get me where I want to go but I also know my limitations. Do you know yours? Reduce the risks. Is it worth trying to cross a raging river instead of finding another route? Is there a way around that claypan? Will your vehicle be badly damaged if you tackle that rocky slope?

Having an amazing adventure does not mean you have to risk your life or your vehicle to get from A to B. Knowing what your body can handle is important too. Few of us have the cardio ability to work hard and fast on recovering a bogged vehicle. When was the last time a doctor had a good look at you? I can tell you from experience that when I had a heart attack, I certainly wasn’t expecting it. Had it occurred when I was on a solo adventure, I would be dead.

Don’t risk it all – if in doubt, turn around


Australia is one hell of a big island, and the majority of it is remote. You can make life extremely difficult for search parties to find you if they have no idea where you are. Never head off without advising someone of your intended route. Tell your partner, a family member, a mate or even the police; just let at least one person know of your plans. On long trips, it is good to keep people updated on your progress because if you don’t reach your destination and contact that person, they can raise the alarm sooner rather than later and send the search party in the right direction. This may save your life.

Just telling one person could save your life

In normal conditions, you can survive for more than three weeks without food, but water is different. At least 60% (up to 75% in children) of our bodies are made of water and every living cell needs it to keep working. It lubricates our joints, regulates our body temperature and aids in flushing waste. Without water, you will be lucky to last a week in cool conditions and hidden from direct sunlight. In hot and humid conditions like what Daniel experienced, three or four days maximum is how long you would last. An adult must consume a minimum of four litres per day to stay alive. When conditions are extreme, an adult can sweat 1-1.5 litres per hour and if this fluid isn’t replaced you are in danger of becoming dehydrated. If not reversed, it is life-threatening to lose more than 10% of your body weight due to dehydration.

Having the ability to communicate with others is critical. In remote places like the Kimberley, your mobile phone is nothing more than a camera. A UHF is more useful as your voice can be heard over good distances, especially if repeater stations are utilised. If all you have is a handheld, it must be a 5W unit, not one of those cheap plastic radios that are great for the kids playing in the backyard. Better yet, carry a satellite mobile phone. These are getting cheaper and the network coverage is improving all the time. I currently use a Thuraya SatSleeve Hotspot on an Optus plan that cost me $899 for the Hotspot and $15 per month on a plan. The Hotspot also has an SOS button that allows me to make an outgoing call to a preprogrammed number set by me or receive an incoming call.

What are they and how do they work? Well, they both work the same way by sending a coded message via the 406 MHz distress frequency. This coded message should include your GPS coordinates and they are relayed via a global satellite system. Having GPS capabilities will make locating your position faster and more accurate. EPIRBs (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon) are generally installed on marine craft as they are larger and have a longer battery run-time than a PLB (Personal Locating Beacon). PLBs are smaller and better suited to be carried by an individual. Once activated, they will transmit your location for a minimum of 24 hours before the battery runs out. In my book, having a PLB on you is the best solution for surviving a life-threatening situation. The Australian Government has a website that explains everything you need to know about beacons, here.

You’ve broken down or are badly stuck. The first rule is to not panic, the second rule is to NEVER leave your vehicle. If you can raise the alarm, do so; know where you’re located. Open your awning to provide shade (it also gives you a larger footprint to see from the air), set up your swag to give you somewhere to sleep, look at the amount of water and food you have left and start rationing it straight away.

Collect wood for warmth and check out your surrounding environment during the coolest time of the day. Is there any bush tucker about? Do you know what is edible and what is not? I carry Les Hiddens Bush Tucker Field Guide as it’s pocket-sized and very useful. Carry some large plastic bags so that you can collect water by wrapping them around the leaves on a tree or make a solar still. Set a signal fire with wood and green leaves that will create smoke; make sure you can light it easily. During the hottest times of the day, rest in the shade and keep cool; you will burn less energy and sweat less. Keeping hydrated is critical, but sip don’t guzzle. Nibble your food and eat less; this will reduce your thirst. At night the temperatures can drop to freezing, so keep warm.

Create shade, get your bed ready and get as comfortable as possible so you don’t have to move much

If travelling remotely, carry at least one decent first aid kit and a second compact one and know how to use them. Complete a first aid course and do refreshers. Make sure you have the gear to handle snake bite, toothache, fish hook extraction, splinters, a compound fracture, burns, and so on. Carry hydralytes to replace the electrolytes you lose when you sweat. Make sure your first aid kits are easily accessible so that anyone can find them if needed. One of my greatest concerns when adventuring solo is getting bitten by a snake, as most of them are venomous and I am a long way from an anti-venom. The way I dress reduces the chances of being bitten but there is still a big chance, especially at night.

A well-stocked kit is invaluable

Knowing exactly where you are is important if you ever need to relay that information to anyone. Electronic maps are brilliant, especially if they show GPS coordinates, and handheld GPS units are great too. Paper maps are still the most important means by which to find out where you are. Learn how to read a map and carry a handheld compass too; they are lightweight and take up next to no space but are handy not only in working out where north is, but they can also be used to help guide you to a point on a paper map that may be important. Paper maps and a compass don’t require batteries either.

Not all GPS trackers are equal; you don’t want one that only works on 4G/3G networks – it must have satellite connectivity like the Spot Gen3. This is a subscription service that tracks your movement and updates it online, so family and friends can see where you are. It also has an SOS feature that sends your GPS coordinates to emergency services (000 in Australia) and allows you to check in when you are out of mobile range.

Not only should you be carrying the required recovery gear, but you need to be able to use it, by yourself, if you are travelling solo. That doesn’t necessarily mean carrying a sand anchor (although they would be handy in the desert), but it does mean that you can extract yourself without too much blood, sweat and tears. It is always better to boil the billy and have a cuppa before the recovery even starts, that way you have time to relax and clear your mind before the challenge begins. Minimum requirements for a solo adventurer are a long handle shovel, recovery tracks, a winch, shackles, a snatch block, rated recovery points and a winch extension strap.

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Comments 6

  1. I have been travelling solo for over 30 years, often to remote locations. To date I’ve never had a situation where I was in grave danger. I know my limitations and I’m prepared to be flexible in my travel decisions if required.

    I agree with many of your suggestions above, although I would add a few more items to list;

    1. a survival space blanket, you can buy them in bright orange (Blazed orange) which have SOS clearly marked on them for a few dollars. They are great for signalling planes as they pass over head.

    2. a good quality signalling mirror, used to signal planes.

    3. I also carry “personal signal flares” which as the name suggests are like marine flares, used to signal search aircraft. They are legal to carry for personal safety as long as they are in date (usually 3 years).

    4. definitely carry a PLB. They are around $300 which is cheap insurance. Combined with the above items you should be located in no time.

    Having the latest and greatest 4×4 without some personal safety equipment isn’t going to save you when things go bad.

    The other suggestion I would make is if you find yourself in a bad situation, is to keep a diary. If things turn for the worst at least rescuers and family will know what happened and your information could help save someone else in the future.

  2. With reference to sipping water and not guzzling. Bob Cooper’s book “Outback Survival” states that sipping does not prevent dehydration, he recommends drinking a full cupful (ie 250 millilitres). Better the water is in your stomach than in your water bottle. Sipping will make the supply last longer but dehydration will set in sooner.

  3. I agree with all of the above. One thing we learnt, was not to use the Sat phone to make an unnecessary call home. There maybe bad news that will spoil the rest of your holiday.

  4. I agree with all of the previous advice and would also add a couple of points:

    Don’t have all your eggs in the one basket – the prevalence of single water tanks is a good example (a travelling companion lost all of his water North of the Dig Tree last year when the tank in his camper split).

    We have 2 x 70L tanks plus 30L in the vehicle – water was not a problem coming up the Canning two months ago provided you didn’t break down.

    We also carry sufficient food for twice our estimated time for remote travel – stuck in floods on the Cooper in the 80s saw us with no shortage of food.

    And when walking away from the vehicle take proper precautions – we carry a snake bite kit in one pack, a first aid kit in the other, both have water bladders, whistles, matches, knives, compass, a PLB in one (cost less than $250) a 5W UHF handheld and the satphone if it is a long walk.

    Overkill? Perhaps – but what is your life worth. Just ask the camp hosts at Mount Barnett how many people get lost every week going into Manning Gorge.

    As WA National Parks say “safety is our concern but your responsibility”.

  5. i carry everything except space blanket and signal mirror

    as to flares, i have an Eflare which can be seen upto 2 klms away, from the air and the ground.
    it never runs out of date and i carry extra batteries for it.

    and when i goto VHC i rent a sat phone.

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