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Why most modern UTE tow ratings are bulls#!t

The inherent lie behind braked towing capacities.

We’re all being a little bit hoodwinked at the moment; led astray by 4WD manufacturers. It’s to do with the relevant tow ratings of vehicles, especially utes. It seems like all manufacturers are hell-bent to have a 3.5-tonne braked towing capacity, the problem is that they are all cutting corners to get there.

If you believe what they tell you in the advertising, these utes are all stronger than Steven Seagal’s stare, and can do just about anything tough – especially towing and hauling big loads. But not everything is as it seems, and it’s important to actually know the limitations of these vehicles.

Let’s have a look at the braked towing capacity figures, in order of 4X4 ute sales popularity. I’ll pick the highest-spec models (with diesel engines) to keep the field even.

Toyota HiLux SR5: 3,500kg (manual), 3,200kg (auto)

Ford Ranger Wildtrak: 3,500kg

Mitsubishi Triton Exceed: 3,100kg

Holden Colorado Z71: 3,500kg

Nissan Navara ST-X: 3,500kg

Isuzu D-Max: 3,500kg

Mazda BT-50: 3,500kg

Volkswagen Amarok: 3,000kg

Volkswagen Amarok V6: 3,000kg

Oh lord; I pity the fool that thinks that’s the end of the story. And I genuinely worry for the folk out there who don’t know any better and take the salesman at his word. When they ask, “Will this tow my caravan?” Put simply, Gross Combination Mass does not equal Gross Vehicle Mass plus Braked Towing Capacity. Let’s look at the rest of the specs, and understand what’s happening here. Now, where did I leave that old Casio calculator…

 

HiLux

Towing: 3,500kg (manual), 3,200kg (auto)

GVM: 3,000kg

GCM: 5,850kg

Kerb: 2,075kg

Payload: 925kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 275kg

Actual towing capacity @ full payload: 2,850kg

 

Ranger

Towing: 3,500kg

GCM: 6,000kg

GVM: 3,200kg

Kerb: 2,250kg

Payload: 950 kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 250kg

Actual towing capacity @ full payload: 2,800kg

 

Triton

Towing: 3,100kg

GCM:  5,885kg

GVM: 2,900kg

Kerb: 1,955kg

Payload: 945kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 830kg

Actual towing capacity @ full payload: 2,985kg

 

Holden Colorado

GCM: 6,000kg

GVM: 3,150kg

Kerb: 2,150kg

Payload: 1,000kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 350kg

Actual towing @ full payload: 2,850kg

 

Navara

GVM: 2,910kg

GCM: 5,910kg

Kerb: 1,969kg

Payload: 941kg

Navara towball penalty:100kg – 130kg

200kg – 280kg

300kg – 410kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 311-31kg (that’s not a typo, it’s 31kg)

Actual towing @ full payload: 3,000kg

 

D-Max

GVM: 2,950kg

GCM: 5,950kg

Kerb: 1,940kg

Payload: 1,010kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 510kg

Actual towing @ full payload: 3,000kg

 

BT-50

GVM: 3,200kg

GCM: 6,000kg

Kerb: 2,118kg

Payload: 1,082kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 382kg

Actual towing @ full payload: 3,200kg

 

Amarok

GVM: 3,040kg

GCM: 5,550kg

Kerb: 2,020kg

Payoad: 1,018kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 530kg

Actual towing @ full payload: 2,510kg

 

Amarok V6

GVM: 3,080kg

GCM: 6,000kg

Kerb: 2,216kg

Payload: 864kg

Actual payload @ full towing: 784kg

Actual towing @ full payload: 2,920kg

 

The problem is pretty obvious. It makes realistically trying to understand your legal limits here in the real world quite difficult. 3.5-tonne towing does not mean you can tow 3.5 tonnes. And a 1-tonne payload does not mean you can put a tonne in the back, if you’re towing.

A dishonourable mention here needs to be levelled at the Navara. Having a GCM that isn’t truly representative of a full payload and full towing capacity that sucks, in my opinion. But Nissan, taking it to the next level of limiting complexity with its towball mass clause, which could effectively give you a 31kg payload… that’s absolute rubbish. When you start factoring in extra passengers and accessories like barwork and canopies, things only get more dire. In fact, you even have to include the towbar most of the time.

Who is doing it right? Only Toyota’s 70 Series LandCruiser, these days. 3.5-tonne towing plus a 3.3-tonne GVM equals a 6,800kg GCM. The Land Rover Defender 130 had better stats at 3,500 + 3,500 = 7,000, but it’s sadly no longer around. Step up into the Light Truck category if you’re really serious and look at an Iveco Daily 4X4.

 

This article was originally posted by Unsealed 4X4.

Comments 15

  1. Rhett

    When the towpoint is behind the rear axle line, its not safe to tow a trailer heavier than the tow vehicle. Adding payload to the tow vehicle actually makes it safer to tow a heavier trailer. Whether its the government’s or the importer’s fault, somehow its not being presented the right way.

  2. Bernie

    GROSS VEHICLE MASS (GVM)
    The GVM is the maximum weight that a truck can carry including its own weight. This is the maximum or total weight of a loaded rigid vehicle (including body, payload, fuel and driver). It is a figure set by the manufacturer and is lodged with registration authorities and governs all applications and is stamped on the COMPLIANCE PLATE OF THE VEHICLE, remember by the manufacturer. Not including bull bars, winches, side steps, extra large fuel tank, you know the extra common aftermarket accessories, the rest of the family, the esky the camping gear and don’t forget to include the weight on the tow ball on the tow bar if you are towing a trailer or caravan etc.

    GROSS COMBINATION MASS (GCM)
    The GCM is given for the total weight any vehicle can carry and tow. This is the maximum weight of a loaded vehicle combined with trailer or caravan (also referred to as GCW Gross Combination Weight).

    Sorry, nothing dumb about the article.

  3. Chris

    Can anyone explain the principle behind why it is possible to get a GVM certificated increase for a vehicle with suspension upgrades, but this does not alter or increase the GCM. Not winging, but would like to know the principle behind why?

  4. BT50 Driver

    I suspect mark drives one of those legendary, magical “unbreakable” Hilux utes . . . you know, the model that rolls off a cliff into the ocean, washes up on the beach a week later and drives away. Marketing puffery vs reality – the precise theme of this article. It’s like all the unfortunate people who buy brand new Prados to tow their shiny new caravan. Wonderful vehicle, but they discover too late that 2500kg is not enough to tow their new caravan legally.

  5. Brian

    I know here you have compared diesel vehicles however it is incorrect to state, “Who is doing it right? Only Toyota’s 70 Series LandCruiser, these days. 3.5-tonne towing plus a 3.3-tonne GVM equals a 6,800kg GCM. ”

    The Nissan Patrol is superior to the Toyota, having a 3.5-tonne towing plus a 3.5-tonne GVM equals a 7,000kg GCM.

    1. Wayne Moore

      it is the only one in diesel utes as the article states, not petrol or wagons, you can then bring in the d4 as well.

  6. Ray

    What’s dumb about it Mark?
    Plenty of people out there towing 3t vans cause they have a 3.5t towing capacity without realising that they’re way over the combined vehicle mass after adding in four passengers, extra fuel, barwork, winches ect.

  7. George

    Have to agree with you Bernie the most important number is the GCM then it’s individual axel weights and tow ball weights .
    My question is with a 5th wheeler is the 5th wheeler allowed to weigh more than the stated trailer towing ie 3500 kg even if all axel weights are correct and is under the GCM .
    Ps I’m really thinking of the Iveco daily as a tow vehicle but my question is still relevant to the average 4×4 ute that is towing a 5th wheeler

    1. Wayne Moore

      I bought an older f250 7.3l just for towing, plenty of grunt, 1100kg carrying with 3.5 tonne still on the rear, gotta be careful doing a youi though!!

  8. Paul Hawkins

    Hi
    I have bought a navara and have discovered the rear suspension is very weak could you give me some advice on what would be the best way to strengthen it …would air bags or heavier Spring do the trick
    You comments would be appreciated

  9. Mick

    The article is about utes, and by the way, like the Navara, the Y62 Patrol has a ballweight penalty at 350kg thus reducing allowable payload – read the manual. Very good article for those considering buying a ute.

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